Research Involving Human Subjects

If the research or work involves the use of human subjects, human material, human tissues or human data, the author should declare that the work described is carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) and should be detailed Describe ethical approval information, such as the name of the granting committee or the organization and approval identifier, that is, the reference number. If the ethics approval identifier is not available, written approval from the granting committee or organization must be provided as a confidential supplementary document.

Research Participants' consent

- For surveys of human subjects, it should also be clearly stated from study participants that the author should inform study participants of the purpose of publication, the risks and benefits of the experiment, and the patient's right to refuse or withdraw consent. Authors are obligated to declare and clearly state any restrictions on the availability or use of human data in the manuscript.

-For all human subjects, it is necessary to obtain informed consent and the method of obtaining informed consent (that is, oral or written).

- Parental or legal guardian consent should be obtained if study participants are minors.

- Research participants have the right to privacy, which cannot be violated without informed consent. Identifying information, including the participant’s name, initials or hospital number, should not be released in the form of written instructions or photos, unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the participant (or parent or guardian) has written knowledge of the release agree.

Authors are encouraged to follow the CARE guidelines while reporting a clinical case that involves the use human physiology on human subject. If the article reporting guidelines suggested by the International Advances in Human Physiology Research  were not pertinent to your work, please look for and refer to the appropriate reporting standards as found on EQUATOR Network, which have been adopted by the field of the works or which apply to their study design.

Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.