Age-Friendly Communities: Creating a conducive environment for the elderly in India


  • Sameen Rafi Department of Social Work, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Shyna Saif Department of Social Work, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India



India is one of the nations in the world where the population is undergoing anomalous demographic changes. The increase in longevity and decrease fertility lead to the boom of older people aged 60 and above both in relative and absolute terms. Due to the rise in number, it creates pressure not only on the family but the responsibility shifts to the government also. This issue becomes a significant social problem not only in India but across the globe. The government had taken action by creating policies and programs to provide services to them. Still, the majority of the elderly population is lacking behind in these areas like health facilities, infrastructure, living arrangements suffering from isolation, loneliness, abuse, crime. Nowadays, smart city initiatives are taken by the government across the country but still in process. To involve and facilitate more cities for “age-friendly”, the World Health Organization develop the Global Age-Friendly Cities Guide and a manual “Checklist of Essential Features of Age-Friendly Cities”. Cooperating with 35 urban communities from developed and developing nations, the WHO oversees eight highlights for age-accommodating urban areas in the space of urban life. This paper had an objective to study and understand exiting literature on age-friendly communities in developed and developing countries and draw attention to the need to create age-friendly cities in India. The realization of the needs and demands of older people, the Indian government should give attention to promote and implement more age-friendly communities all over the country. This initiative till now taken in 3 states, i.e., Delhi, Udaipur, and Kolkata-which involved in age-friendly community initiatives collaborated with WHO. In this era of a rapid aging sphere, the communities have to enhance in such a manner where the older population can meet their needs quickly without any conflicts and problem. To conclude, the government and policymaker should emphasize the policies into practices to build age-friendly communities across the country and make better living conditions for “allages”. For timely action and productive recommendation, it is an urgent need on the part of the government, policymakers, researchers, social workers to develop and enhance the community’s facilities, which can gain confidence and wellbeing of the elderly in India.


Age-friendly communities, Elderly, Wellbeing, Social care


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How to Cite

Rafi, S., & Saif, S. (2020). Age-Friendly Communities: Creating a conducive environment for the elderly in India. Journal of Geriatric Medicine, 2(2), 17–24.





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