Investigating the Effect of Sidewalk Flooring on the Behavioral Pattern (Walking) of Citizens in Urban Spaces (Case Study: Vali asr St., Tehran)


  • Hazhir Rasoulpour Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University,
  • Masoud Mamandi Daneshpajoohan Higher Education Institute,



The present study has evaluated the effect of architectural forms on the walking activity of
citizens as a behavioral model in urban physical spaces. The research hypothesis claims that by
designing purposeful and appropriate architectural forms, the behavior and actions of users in urban
physical spaces can be to some extent, it designed or controlled, and that the pattern and domains of
human behavior in urban streets are the result of the components of environmental quality that are
included in the design of that street. The present theoretical proposition has been tested in two sequences
from Valiasr Street in Tehran. At the theoretical level, the research method is descriptive-analytical and
at the experimental level, it is a survey that has been done using the behavioral research method. The
results show that the floor form and street form are the most influential architectural forms in urban
physical spaces on the activity of users walking from space in the study sample. Also, some
environmental factors have a direct effect on human reactions; The research findings show that people's
speed is directly related to the dimensions of sidewalk carpets and a person tries to take a step according
to the senses he receives from the sidewalk flooring form and as a result his speed changes according
to those forms.


Architectural forms;Behavioral patterns;Physical spaces City


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