Analysis of the Mamaia Bay shoreline Retreat with Hard and Soft Protection Works


  • Catalin Anton “Dunărea de Jos” University Galati -Romania, 47 Domnească Str., 800008, Galati, Romania,
  • Carmen Gasparotti “Dunărea de Jos” University Galati -Romania, Department of Naval Architecture, 47 Domnească Str., 800008, Galati, Romania
  • Iulia Alina Anton Maritime University of Constanta -Romania, 104 Mircea cel Batran str., 900663, Constanta, Romania
  • Eugen Rusu “Dunărea de Jos” University Galati -Romania, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 47 Domnească Str, 800008, Galati, Romania,



Integrated Coastal Zone Management is a complex concept that involves various economic, social and environmental factors. There are often conflicting approaches to these factors. Furthermore, when it is decided to implement structural works in the coastal area, it must be taken into account the particularity of the area, the way in which it is developed and the type of work to be done. The Gulf of Mamaia in the Romanian Black Sea coast is the target of structural changes through the implementation of an extensive coastal rehabilitation program. The works made are of “hard” type and aim to change the shore line configuration. From this perspective, the target of the present paper is to make an analysis between the type of work that is being carried out and another kind of "soft" work aiming especially to favor the ecological reconstruction of the area and the approach of an environmentally friendly concept. Thus, we propose to analyze the two types of works with a view to apply the Bruun rule in order to mitigate the effect of the increase of the sea level and to prevent the shoreline retreat.


Coastal zone management, Romanian coast, Mamaia Bay, Black Sea, Shoreline, Hard and soft works


[1] C Anton, E Rusu, R Mateescu, 2017, An analysis of the coastal risks in Romanian nearshore, Mechanical Testing and Diagnosis 7 (1), 18, Galati, Romania.

[2] Rusu, L.; Butunoiu, D.; Rusu E., Analysis of the Extreme Storm Events in the Black Sea Considering the Results of a Ten-Year Wave Hindcast, 2014, Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 445-454.

[3] C Anton, C Gasparotti, E Rusu, I Anton, Approach to the analysis and evaluation of strategic intervention options in the Romanian coastal zone taking into account economic, social and environmental factors, Conference: 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM, 2018, Albena.

[4] Study ICZM for the Project “Improvement of the Integrated Coastal Zone Management in the Black Sea Region”, 2014.

[5] Panaitescu M., Panaitescu F.V., Anton I.A., Anton C., 2016, A Method for Flow Modelling of Vulnerable Areas, Journal of Marine Technology and Environment, vol. 2, ISSN: 1844-6116, pp 43-48, Constanta, Romania.

[6] Zanopol, A. T.; Onea, F.; Rusu E., 2014, Evaluation of the Coastal Influence of a Generic Wave Farm Operating in the Romanian Nearshore, Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 597-605.

[7] Rusu, E; Macuta, S, 2009, Numerical Modelling of Longshore Currents in Marine Environment, Environmental Engineering and Management Journal Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 147-151.

[8] FV Panaitescu, M Panaitescu, IA Anton, C Anton, M. Tudof, New solutions to protect the Romanian coastline, Advanced Topics in Optoelectronics, Microelectronics, and Nanotechnologies IX, vol. 10977, pag 109772A, 2019.

[9] Anton Iulia-Alina, Dumitru Dinu, Wave Simulation with different type of coast potection structure – a comparative approach, Conference: World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society, Fluide mechanics and Aerodynamics, Brasov Romania, 27-29 June 2017.

[10] Beach modelling III – morphodinamic models

[11] C Anton, C Gasparotti, E Rusu, Identification of the economic pressure on environmental factors in the Romanian coastal zone-case study Eforie, Conference: 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM, 2018, Albena.

[12] Catalin Anton, Carmen Gasparotti, Introducing the Blue Economy concept in the Romanian nearshore, Risk in Contemporary Economy Journal, Pages 281-289, Galati, 2018.

[13] Leonard Domnisoru, Alina Modiga, Carmen Gasparotti, 2016, Global strength assessment in oblique waves of a large gas carrier ship, based on a non-linear iterative method, ModTech International Conference - Modern Technologies in Industrial Engineering IV, IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science.

[14] C Gasparotti, E Rusu, 2016, A Rewiew Concerning the Rogue Waves and Their Impact on Navigation Conditions, Mechanical Testing and Diagnosis, 6 (3), 10, Galati, Romania

[15] E Rusu, 2016, Reliability and Applications of the Numerical Wave Predictions in the Black Sea, Frontiers in Marine Science 3, 95.

[16] Gasparotti, C.; Rusu, E 2012, E., Methods for the Risk Assessment in Maritime Transportation in the Black Sea Basin, Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology Volume: 13 Issue: 3A Pages: 1751-1759.

[17] Anton C., Gasparotti C., Raileanu A., Rusu E., 2017, Towards integrated management and planning in the Romanian Black Sea coastal zones, AUDŒ, Vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 59-71, Galati, Romania.

[18] Makris, Christos; Galiatsatou, Panagiota; Tolika, Konstantia; et al., 2016, Climate change effects on the marine characteristics of the Aegean and Ionian Seas, Ocean Dynamics Volume: 66 Issue: 12 Pages: 1603-1635.

[19] AT Zanopol, F Onea, E Rusu, 2014, Studies concerning the influence of the wave farms on the nearshore processes, International Journal of Geosciences 5 (07), 728.

[20] D Niculescu, E Rusu, 2016, Mechanical Testing & Diagnosis 6 (2).

[21] E Rusu, A Raileanu, 2016, A multi-parameter data-assimilation approach for wave prediction in coastal areas, Journal of Operational Oceanography 9 (1), 13-25.

[22] D Butunoiu, E Rusu, 2015, A data assimilation scheme to improve the Wave Predictions in the Black Sea, OCEANS 2015-Genova, 1-6.

[23] F Onea, E Rusu, 2012, Evaluation of the wind energy resources in the Black Sea Area

[24] th WSEAS International Conference on Energy, Environment, Ecosystems and Sustaunable Development.

[25] E Rusu, 2016, Analysis of the effect of a marine energy farm to protect a biosphere reserve, MATEC Web of Conferences 62, 06004.

[26] Niculescu, D. M.; Rusu, E. V. C., 2018,Evaluation of the new coastal protection scheme at Mamaia Bay in the nearshore of the Black Sea, Ocean Systems Engineering-an International Journal,8,1,1-20.



Article Type