Effect of Family Nutrition Therapy on Elderly Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Objective: The aim of the study was to explore the influence of family enteral nutrition support on nutritional status, lung function, activity tolerance and quality of life in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in stable stage and malnutrition. Methods: A prospective observational study of COPD and malnutrition in the geriatric department of our hospital, control group (n=82) and intervention group n=82). The control group was treated with conventional diet, and the intervention group was treated with conventional diet and enteral nutrition suspension. One month later, observe the nutrition indicators,lung function,exercise tolerance and quality of life. Results: (1) BMI and ALB were higher than control group (t = 10.465, 6.189, P < 0.05), TP and Hb had no change, (t = 1.310, 1.302, P > 0.05). (2) FVC, FEV1, FEV1 / FVC, FEV1% were higher than control group (t = 11.999, 19.654, 13.418, 16.924, P < 0.05). (3) the quality of life symptom score, activity score, influence score and total score were lower than control group (t = 15.303, 6.773, 23.600, 14.766, P < 0.05), and 6MWT were higher than control group (t = 111.962, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Oral enteral nutritioncan improve the nutritional status, lung function, activity tolerance and quality of life of elderly patients with COPD in stable stage and malnutrition.It can be a early,safe and effective nutritional support strategy for COPD patients with malnutrition
Keywords:Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Nutrition support, Elderly；Enteral nutrition
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