Complementary of Nursing Care for an Elderly Family: Management of Hypertension and Smoking Behaviour


  • Imelda Rahmayunia Kartka Nursing Program, Health Faculty, Fort De Kock University, Bukittinggi, Indonesia
  • Mulya Ulfa Nursing Program, Health Faculty, Fort De Kock University, Bukittinggi, Indonesia



Background: An elderly was closed to some medical problem, especially hypertension. Problems that occur in elderly patients with hypertension not only involve the patient itself but also involve the family as the closest person to the patient. One important aspect of family nursing is the family itself. To achieve good treatment outcomes, implementation of evidence-based nursing is needed. The purpose of this study is to present the implementation of evidence-based nursing to an eldelry in a family bu using coconut water to reduce high blood pressure and progressive muscle relaxation therapy to reduce pain intensity in hypertensive patients, as well as acupressure therapy in stopping smoking that is applied 1 week each other. Method: In the implementation, complementary therapy is applied to hypertensive patients by given young coconut water and progressive muscle relaxation therapy, and acupressure therapy in an effort to stop smoking. Results: showed significant results in the reduction of high blood pressure before being given an intervention was TD: 200/100 mmHg and after being given the intervention obtained TD: 140/80 mmHg and decreased pain intensity in hypertensive patients using relaxation therapy, as well as a decrease in the number of cigarettes smoked with acupressure therapy for 1 week. Conclusion: The application of complementary therapy carried out showed improvement in elderly patients suffering from hypertension and smoking behaviour, therefore, the application of evidence based nursing in providing nursing care is recommended. Suggestion: Complementary Nursing Case Study this is expended to be a reference material to improve health services and provide an overview in carrying out complementary nursing care to families, especially an elderly with comprehensive cases of hypertension (bio, psycho, social and spiritual).


Elderly; Hypertension; Coconut Water; Family; Progressive muscle Relaxation


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How to Cite

Kartka, I. R., & Ulfa, M. (2020). Complementary of Nursing Care for an Elderly Family: Management of Hypertension and Smoking Behaviour. Journal of Geriatric Medicine, 2(3), 1–5.


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