Addendum to the Bird Song Key to the Birds of Pipeline Road Area, Soberanía National Park, Panama: Two Additional Wrens


  • Kent Livezey East Coast Tower, Costa del Este, Panama City, Panama



In 2016, I published a bird song key to the Pipeline Road area in and adjacent to Soberanía National Park, Panama [1]. This key is, to my knowledge, the largest bird song key in the world. Since the key was published, Rufous-breasted Wren (Pheugopedius rutilus; Figure 1) and Rufous-and-white Wren (Thryophilus rufalbus; Figure 2) have moved into the area. This addendum adds three songs of Rufous-breasted Wren and three songs Rufous-and-white Wren to the key, thereby increasing the key’s song total to 327 and its species total to 218. 


Bird song key, Panama, Pipeline Road, Soberanía National Park, Xeno-canto


[1] Livezey, K. An approach to identifying bird songs: a key to more than 300 songs in the Pipeline Road area, Soberanía National Park, Panama. The Open Ornithology Journal, 2016, 9: 70-112.

[2] Angehr, G., Dean R. The birds of Panama: a field guide. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2010.



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