Analytical Study on the Effect of Electric Arc Furnace Dust (EAFD) on the Rutting of Asphalt Concrete Mixtures


  • Mohammad A.T. Alsheyab

    Department of Chemical Engineering, Qatar University, Doha, 2713, Qatar;

    Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics, Doha, Qatar

  • Taisir S. Khedaywi

    Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, 22110, Jordan

Received: 21 March 2023 | Revised: 3 April 2023 | Accepted: 14 April 2023 | Published Online: 21 April 2023


As a byproduct of the steelmaking process, significant amounts of hazardous electric arc furnace dust (EAFD) are produced. Utilizing the solidification/stabilization technology with asphalt mix is one way to safeguard the environment from its negative effects. Rutting was used as an indicator to assess the asphalt mixture with EAFD since it is an important factor in pavement design. This study's major goal is to ascertain how EAFD affects the rutting of asphalt-concrete mixtures. To evaluate the ideal asphalt content, the Marshall test method was applied to asphalt concrete mixtures. EAFD was added to the asphalt cement in four different volume percentages as a binder addition. Then, using the Universal Testing Machine, participants were exposed to a replica of the rutting test (UTM). Experiments were conducted at 25, 40 and 55oC, and at frequencies of 1, 4 and 8 Hz. Rutting was measured for each specimen. Tests results showed that while rut depth has negative correlation with of EAFD% and positive correlation with the temperature. The use of EAFD has dual advantages, protecting the environment from the adverse impact of EAFD and reducing the cost of asphalt mix without jeopardizing the pavement performance.


EAFD, Rutting, Asphalt mixtures, Temperature, Loading frequencies


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How to Cite

A.T. Alsheyab, M., & S. Khedaywi, T. (2023). Analytical Study on the Effect of Electric Arc Furnace Dust (EAFD) on the Rutting of Asphalt Concrete Mixtures. Journal of Smart Buildings and Construction Technology, 5(1), 24–28.





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