Improved Behavioural Engagement of Students through Low-stakes Online Tests and Immediate Dialogic Feedback


  • Glen Currie The University of Melbourne
  • Tracii Ryan The University of Melbourne, Australia



The engagement of students is a recognised challenge for teachers. Technology offers some practical student engagement tools, and this paper examines the use of low-stakes online tests and immediate dialogic feedback to improve behavioural engagement. The academic exploration of low-stakes tests and dialogic feedback has been extensive, and they are credible teaching tools. In this study, we explore the learning benefit of their combination. Postgraduate engineering students' self-reported and learning analytics data shows conclusive evidence of improved behavioural engagement. We measured a 500% increase in the Learning Management System (LMS) page views on the days when we ran the low-stakes tests (each worth 2% of the marks for the subject) and engaged in immediate dialogic feedback. To interpret these results, we draw on theories of behavioural engagement, low-stakes tests, and feedback. We conclude that the combination of low-stakes tests and immediate feedback improves student behavioural engagement.


behavioural engagement, immediate dialogic feedback, low-stakes tests, mixed-methods, online learning, quantitative, survey


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How to Cite

Currie, G., & Ryan, T. (2023). Improved Behavioural Engagement of Students through Low-stakes Online Tests and Immediate Dialogic Feedback. Journal of International Education and Practice, 6(1).





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