Correction & Withdrawal Policies
Article Processing Charges (APC)
Expansive soils undergo high volume change due to cyclic swelling and shrinkage behavior during the wet and dry seasons. Thus, such problematic soils should be completely avoided or properly treated when encountered as subgrade materials. In the present study, the biomedical waste incinerator ash and lime combination was proposed to stabilize expansive soil. Particle size analysis, Atterberg limits, free-swell, compaction, unconfined compression strength, and California bearing ratio tests were conducted on the natural soil and blended with 3%, 5%, 7%, 9%, and 11% biomedical waste incinerator ash (BWIA). The optimum content of BWIA was determined based on the free-swell test results. To further investigate the relative effectiveness of the stabilizer, 2% and 3% lime were also added to the optimum soil-BWIA mixture and UCS and CBR tests were also conducted. In addition, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) tests for representative stabilized samples were also conducted to examine the changes in microfabrics and structural arrangements due to bonding. The addition of BWIA has a promising effect on the index properties and strength of the expansive soil. The strength of the expansive soil significantly increased when it was blended with the optimum content of BWIA amended by 2% and 3% lime.
 P. E. T. Q. Robel Tewelde Mesfun, Anteneh Geremew “Experimental Study of Stabilized Expansive Soil using Pumice Mixed with Lime for Subgrade Road Construction,” International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, vol. 7, 2019.
 J. S. Trivedi, S. Nair, and C. Iyyunni, “Optimum Utilization of Fly Ash for Stabilization of Sub-Grade Soil using Genetic Algorithm,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 51, pp. 250-258, 2013.
 I. K. Suwantara, S. P. R. Wardani, and Y. A. Priastiwi, “Expansive Clay Soil Stabilization Using White Soil Material and Sulfuric Acid Solution (H2SO4) For Subgrade in Godong Area - Grobogan District,” IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 328, p. 012022, 2019.
 F. Zhang, L. Zhang, and W. Hong, “Stabilization of Expansive Soil with Polyvinyl Alcohol and Potassium Carbonate,” Advances in Civil Engineering, vol. 2019, pp. 1-11, 2019.
 S. Asuri and P. Keshavamurthy, “Expansive Soil Characterisation: an Appraisal,” INAE Letters, vol. 1, pp. 29-33, 2016.
 S. He, X. Yu, A. Banerjee, and A. J. Puppala, “Expansive Soil Treatment with Liquid Ionic Soil Stabilizer,” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, vol. 2672, pp. 185-194, 2018.
 F. E. Jalal, Y. Xu, B. Jamhiri, and S. A. Memon, “On the Recent Trends in Expansive Soil Stabilization Using Calcium-Based Stabilizer Materials (CSMs): A Comprehensive Review,” Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 2020, pp. 1-23, 2020.
 H. H. Liet Chi Dang, Behzad Fatahi, Robert Jones and Hadi Khabbaz, “Enhancing the Engineering Properties of Expansivesoil Using Bagasse Ash and Hydrated Lime,” International Journal of GEOMATE, vol. 11, pp. 2447-2454, 2016.
 S. Srikanth Reddy, A. C. S. V. Prasad, and N. Vamsi Krishna, “Lime-Stabilized Black Cotton Soil and Brick Powder Mixture as Subbase Material,” Advances in Civil Engineering, vol. 2018, pp. 1-5, 2018.
 C. C. Ikeagwuani, J. C. Agunwamba, C. M. Nwankwo, and M. Eneh, “Additives optimization for expansive soil subgrade modification based on Taguchi grey relational analysis,” International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, vol. 14, pp. 138-152, 2020.
 A. Soltani, R. Raeesi, and B. C. O’Kelly, “Cyclic Swell–Shrink Behavior of an Expansive Soil Treated with a Sulfonated Oil,” Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Ground Improvement, pp. 1-27, 2020.
 B. R. Phanikumar, J. R. m, and R. R. e, “Silica fume stabilization of an expansive clay subgrade and the effect of silica fume-stabilised soil cushion on its CBR,” Geomechanics and Geoengineering, vol. 15, pp. 64-77, 2019.
 C. C. Ikeagwuani and D. C. Nwonu, “Emerging trends in expansive soil stabilisation: A review,” Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 11, pp. 423-440, 2019.
 N. S. Surjandari, N. Djarwanti, and N. U. Ukoi, “Enhancing the engineering properties of expansive soil using bagasse ash,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 909, p. 012068, 2017.
 R. A. Blayi, A. F. H. Sherwani, H. H. Ibrahim, R. H. Faraj, and A. Daraei, “Strength improvement of expansive soil by utilizing waste glass powder,” Case Studies in Construction Materials, vol. 13, p. e00427, 2020.
 J. James and P. K. Pandian, “Bagasse Ash as an Auxiliary Additive to Lime Stabilization of an Expansive Soil: Strength and Microstructural Investigation,” Advances in Civil Engineering, vol. 2018, pp. 1-16, 2018.
 I. Zorluer and S. Gucek, “The usability of industrial wastes on soil stabilization,” Revista de la construcción, pp. 80-89, 2020.
 M. W. a. S. Tadesse, “STABILIZATION OF EXPANSIVE SOIL USING BAGASSE ASH & LIME,” MSc. Theis, Department of Civil Engineering, Addis Ababa Institute of Technology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, 2014.
 Y. Liu, Y. Su, A. Namdar, G. Zhou, Y. She, and Q. Yang, “Utilization of Cementitious Material from Residual Rice Husk Ash and Lime in Stabilization of Expansive Soil,” Advances in Civil Engineering, vol. 2019, pp. 1-17, 2019.
 C. Admas, “POTENTIAL USE OF RICE HUSK ASH AS WORETA EXPANSIVE SOIL STABILIZER,” MSc. Thesis, Civil Engineering Department, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa 2020.
 A. Elinwa, “Hospital Ash Waste-Ordinary Portland Cement Concrete,” Science Research, vol. 4, p. 72, 2016.
 H. Kaur, R. Siddique, and A. Rajor, “Influence of incinerated biomedical waste ash on the properties of concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 226, pp. 428-441, 2019.
 M. Rahman, R. Chowdhury, and T. Ahmed, “Stablization of medical waste incineration fly ash in cement mortar matrix,” Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, vol. 55, pp. 131-138, 2020.
 A. Al Rawas, “Characterisation of incinerator ash treated expansive soils,” Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Ground Improvement, vol. 8, pp. 127-135, 2004.
 “ASTM D 4318-98. Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic limit and Plasticity Index of Soils. Reprinted from the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Copyright ASTM.
 “ASTM D 422-63 (Reapproved 1998). Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils. Reprinted from the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Copyright ASTM.
 “ASTM D 854-98. Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity of Soils. Reprinted from the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Copyright ASTM. ,” ASTM D 854-98.
 IS, “IS : 2720 ( Part XL ). Indian Standard. Methods of Test for Soils Determination of Free-Swell Index of Soils. ,” ed. Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, Newdelhi., 1977.
 “ASTM D 698-91 (Reapproved 1998). Standard Test Method for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort. Reprinted from the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Copyright ASTM.
 “ASTM D 2166-98a. Standard Test Method for Unconfined Compressive Strength of Cohesive Soil. Reprinted from the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Copyright ASTM.,” ASTM D 2166-98a.
 “ASTM D 1883-99. Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils. Reprinted from the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Copyright ASTM.
 “ASTM C 618-08a. Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete. Reprinted from the Annual Book of ASTM Standard. Copyright ASTM.