Estimation and Analysis of Structural Responses of Asphalt Pavement Using Interlayer Contact Bonding Model


  • Xuntao Wang Xi’an Shiyou University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710065, China
  • Hu Wang Chang’an University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710064, China



Interlayer contact condition of asphalt pavement has a significant impact on stress transfer and energy dissipation with adjacent layers, so a model considering with the bonding condition of adjacent layers is introduced for evaluating structural response of asphalt pavement. The pavement structure, the material characterization with temperature, the interlayer contact bonding model, the types of bond failure and prediction method of pavement life are described in detail. Results show that the transversely tensile strains at the top of asphalt pavement under the condition of high temperature were easy to cause the top-down cracking outside the dual tires edge. The bonding failure has a significant influence on strains at the bottom of the surface course with the condition of high temperature, especially, the longitudinally tensile strains would increase obviously as the disengaging area between surface course of asphalt pavement and the base layer increase. Finally, it is proved that the surface course is vulnerable to form deformations and cause damage under the combined action of low speed and high temperature. 


Asphalt pavement, Interlayer contact, Bonding condition, Structural response, Strain


[1] Chun, S.Y., Kim, K., Greene, J., et al., 2015. Evaluation of interlayer bonding condition on structural response characteristics of asphalt pavement using finite element analysis and fullscale field tests. Construction and Building Materials. 96, 307-318.

[2] Kim, H., Arraigada, M., Raab, C., et al., 2011. Numerical and experimental analysis for the interlayer behavior of double-layered asphalt pavement specimens. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 23(1), 12-20.

[3] Ozer, H., Al-Qadi, I.L., Wang, H., et al., 2012. Characterisation of interface bonding between hot-mix asphalt overlay and concrete pavements: Modelling and in-situ response to accelerated loading. The International Journal of Pavement Engineering. 13(2), 181-196.

[4] Zhang, Y., Wang, X., 2012. Impact of condition on mechanical response of asphalt pavement. Journal of Chang’an University (Natural Science Edition). 32(5), 7-11.

[5] Wu, S., Chen, H., Zhang, J., et al., 2017. Effects of interlayer bonding conditions between semi-rigid base layer and asphalt layer on mechanical responses of asphalt pavement structure. International Journal of Pavement Research & Technology. 10(3), 274-281.

[6] Luo, Y., Zhang, Z., Zhang, K., 2018. Sensitivity analysis of influence factors on shear stress of asphalt pavement under high temperature. Engineering Journal of Wuhan University. 51(10), 895-900.

[7] Zhang, J., Wu, S., Pel J.Z., et al., 2014. Analysis of mechanical responses of asphalt pavement interlayers based on shear spring compliance. Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition). 8(1), 1-6.

[8] Wellner, F., Hristov, B., 2015. Numerically supported experimental determination of the behavior of the interlayer bond in asphalt pavement. Transportation Research Record Journal of the Transportation Research Board. 2506, 116-125.

[9] Lazar, M.L., Diaconu, E., 2016. Influence of the interface conditions on flexible pavement structures life. Romanian Journal of Transport Infrastructure. 5(1), 30-37.

[10] Cao, D., Zhao, Y., Fu, G., 2017. Influence on the surface dynamic viscoelastic deflection of interlayer bonding condition. Journal of Beijing University of Technology. 43(4), 600-605.

[11] Alae, M., Zhao,Y., Zarei, S., et al., 2018. Effects of layer interface conditions on top-down fatigue cracking of asphalt pavements. International Journal of Pavement Engineering. 21(1), 1-9.

[12] Sun, L., Wang, G., Zhang, H., et al., 2018. Initiation and propagation of top-down cracking in asphalt pavement. Applied Sciences. 8(5), 1-14.

[13] Ashtiani, R.S., Morovatdar, A., Licon, C., et al., 2019. Characterization and quantification of traffic load spectra in texas overweight corridors and energy sector zones: Final report. Technical Report. DOI:

[14] Morovatdar, A., Ashtiani, R., Licon, C., et al., 2019. Development of a mechanistic approach to quantify pavement damage using axle load spectra from south Texas overload corridors. Geo-Structural Aspects of Pavements, Railways, and Airfields (GAP 2019), Colorado Springs, CO, USA.

[15] Hu, X., Sun, L., 2005. Measuring tire ground pressure distribution of heavy vehicle. Journal of Tongji University( Natural Science). 33(11), 1443-1448.

[16] Dong, H., 2012. Asphalt pavement top-down cracks in laboratory test. Chang’an University, Xi’an, Shaanxi.

[17] Wang, X., Ma, X., 2020. Responses of semi-rigid base asphalt pavement with interlayer contact bonding model. Advances in Civil Engineering. (3), 1-13.

[18] Zhao, Y., Liu, H., Bai, L., et al., 2013. Characterization of linear viscoelastic behavior of asphalt concrete using complex modulus model. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 25(10), 1543-1548.

[19] Alae, M., Zhao, Y., Leng, Z., 2020. Effects of ageing, temperature and frequency-dependent properties of asphalt concrete on top-down cracking. Road Materials and Pavement Design. (4), 1-21.

[20] Al-Qadi, I.L., Wei, X., Elseifi, M.A., 2008. Frequency determination from vehicular loading time pulse to predict appropriate complex modulus in mepdg. Asphalt Paving Technology: Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists-Pro￾ceedings of the Technical Sessions. 77, 739-771.

[21] Wang, X., Feng, J., Wang, H., et al., 2018. Effect of the dynamic load on stresses in a deck pavement with an interlayer contact model. Advances in Civil Engineering. (4), 1-10.

[22] Wang, X., Li, Y., Xu, H., 2011. ANSYS structural analysis unit and application. Beijing: China Communications Press.

[23] White, G., 2016. State of the art: Interface shear resistance of asphalt surface layers. International Journal of Pavement Engineering. 18(10), 887-901.

[24] JTG D50-2006, 2006. Specifications for design of highway asphalt pavement. Ministry of Transport of the People’s Republic of China.

[25] Zhu, Y., Lei, M., Shi, N., et al., 2011. Influence of interface condition on structural performance and life prediction of asphalt pavement. Highway Engineering. 36(5), 18-32.

[26] Siddharthan, R.V., Nasimifar, M., Tan, X., et al., 2016. Investigation of impact of wheel wander on pavement performance. Road Materials & Pavement Design. 1-18.

[27] Xue, Z., Wang, C., Zhang, W., et al., 2015. Research on pavement structure and material design of semi-rigid base long-life pavement. Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development. 32(10), 37-42,56.

[28] Zhao, Y., Liu, H., Bai, L., et al., 2012. Effect of constitutive relationship of asphalt mixture on pavement response. China Journal of Highway and Transport. 25(5), 6-11.




How to Cite

Wang, X., & Wang, H. (2023). Estimation and Analysis of Structural Responses of Asphalt Pavement Using Interlayer Contact Bonding Model. Journal of Mechanical Materials and Mechanics Research, 6(1).





Download data is not yet available.