Ionospheric Currents in the Equatorial and Low Latitudes of Africa


  • G. C Emenike Department of Physics and Industrial Physics, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, PMB 5025, Awka, Nigeria
  • T. N Obiekezie Department of Physics and Industrial Physics, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, PMB 5025, Awka, Nigeria
  • Vincent N. Ojeh Department of Geography, Taraba State University, Jalingo, 660213, Nigeria



The magnetometer data obtained for 2008 from geomagnetic stations installed across Africa by magnetic data acquisition set (MAGDAS) have been used to study the ionospheric Sq current system in the equatorial and lowlatitudes of Africa. The aim of this work is to separate the quiet-day feld variations obtained in the equatorial and low latitude regions of Africa into their external and internal feld contributions and then to use the paired external and internal coeffcients of the SHAto determine the source current and induced currents. The method used involved a spherical harmonic analysis (SHA). This was applied in the separation of the internal and external field/current contribution to the Sq variations. The result shows that the variation in the currents is seen to be a dawn-to-dusk phenomenon with the variation in the external currents different from that of the internal currents both in amplitude and in phase. Furthermore, the seasonal variation in the external current maximizes during the March equinox and minimizes during the December solstice. The maximum current observed in AAB and ILR is due to the Equatorial Electrojet Current present in the AAB and ILR stations. Seasonal variation was observed in the geomagnetic component variations as well as in the currents. This is attributed to the position of the sun with respect to the earth at different months of the year. The equinoctial maximum is observed in external current intensity which occurred mostly during the March Equinox.


Equatorial; Low latitudes; Africa; Ionospheric Sq; Currents


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How to Cite

Emenike, G. C., Obiekezie, T. N., & Ojeh, V. N. (2023). Ionospheric Currents in the Equatorial and Low Latitudes of Africa. Journal of Atmospheric Science Research, 6(1), 68–74.


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