Novel Proposal of Bio-based Sewing Timber Joint: Learning from Diatoms
AbstractThe twenty-first century is one of the most complex in the history of humanity, mainly due to the ecological crisisit is going through. The construction sector generates about 40% of CO2 emissions into the environment; the foregoingshould motivate this sector to seek new alternatives to develop new building practices. Taking these current needs intoaccount, this document classifies and presents a multidisciplinary solution that integrates biology, engineering andarchitecture to develop a new and innovative lightweight timber structure; it divides with a main structure made oftimber and an innovative joint system made of bio-polymers connecting all the panels. Through the study of diatoms,it was able to analyze the bio-morphology of the structure, joints and in particular the geometry since they were theinspiration for the design of this structure that presents an innovative and novel design of structural optimization.Through parametric design and digital fabrication, it was able to create a complex geometry that obtains excellentstructural behavior. This research discusses and explores how materials, geometry led to the optimization of a structureand how new structures can arise, thanks to biology new solutions can be obtained that are completely sustainable,being a clear example of how to combat the effects of the climate change and in a precise way it highlights theadvantages of the bio-design in the architectural design.
Keywords:Diatoms, Timber joinery, Computational method, Topology optimization, Biomimetics, Bio-inspired, Lightweight structure
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