Identification of an Appropriate Formulation for Domestic Water Ceramic Filters from Soukamna Clay (Cameroon)
This paper deals with the formulation of ceramic filters having the porosity adapted to domestic potable water treatment. The filters were made from clays and rice husk obtained from the Far North region of Cameroon (Logone Valley). Nine formulations were investigated to choose those that might have the porosity standing between 35 and 50% (the ideal porosity adapted for water treatment) . The nine formulations investigated were as follow: clay:rice husk mixture weight ratio 0.7:0.3; 0.8:0.2 and 0.9:0.1 with the particle size of 100:100 microns. The sintering temperatures of 900°C, 950°C and 1000°C were applied for each of the mixtures. The results showed that only filters with weight ratio 0.7:0.3 sintered at 900°C, 950°C and 1000°C had porosity between 35 and 50% with values of 39.41±0.96; 40.15±1.59; 40.14±1.31 respectively. Mechanical strength, permeability and iron leaching behavior were investigated for these three formulations. The formulation 0.7:0.3 with sintering temperature of 1000°C had the higher permeability and was the more stable for iron leaching so it is the more adapted for water treatment in terms of flow rate and iron leaching behavior, pore size distribution showed that these filters were macroporous and designed for microfiltration with average pore diameter of 0.46µm.
Keywords:Ceramic filter, Porosity, Permeability, Iron leaching, Soukamna
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