A Discussion for the Protection of the Environnement in the Law of Planification in China


  • Li Zhang Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730000, China




This article aims to answer the question that if the law of planification of China, really takes account of the objectives of environmental protection. The answer is based on, first of all, the reform of system of land ownership (direct link of the development of urbanization). This article cracks the problem by two approaches: the state and collective property right. The first part of the analysis is macro-perspective, i.e., the course of land reform and the land users. In general, the state remains the sole owner of all the land and delegates the local governments to manage the use of land in China. However, the high interest undermines their roles, and degradation of environment in the process of urbanization continues. Based on this observation, we analyzed their administration, i.e., who are the actors and how the powers are shared. The lack of transparency and independence is in its structure, i.e., they have ambitions to have a good protection but the conflict appears frequently. In the further part, micro-vision was employed. We focused on the regulations of planification, procedures and formalities that is deeply involved. In fact, we find that the volume of law was expanded and a need of consolidation is urgent for the coherence, accessibility and understanding of law. Then it follows the analysis of two typical procedures: the procedure of environmental assessment as well as participation. These procedures are the practical implementation of the consideration of the environment. The fact is that rapid urbanization resulted in a reconfiguration of the urban space, and the appearance of a variety of interests. The degradation of environment, coupled with the importance of urbanization has become a challenge to governance. People realized more and more issues related to housing, welfare and citizenship. This forces the government to change their policies and acts. From different points of views- historical, political, administrative, legal and social- this research determines how a better environmental protection can play in law of planification. The reforms are envisaged, and there are still problems: the harmonization and consistency of the regulations, the clarity of the law for his efficiency and law security, the improvement of the process. Contrary to what is received, the government has intention to solve this question, as demonstrated by his consistency to innovation and reform in the field. At the present, planification, rather than a method of protection, works for the growth of the economy. Due to the lack of effective regulation, the real consideration of environment is still very limited.


China, Land reform, Urbanization, Urban governance, Decentralization, Local government, Environmental evaluation, Participation


[1] Jacqueline Morand-Deviller, Town planning law, Paris, Dalloz-Mémentos, 9th edition, 2014: 1. (In French)

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[3] Cf. La Propriété en Chine, in China and the Law, January-March, 2009, 5: 5, and Patrick A. Randolph, Lou Jianbo. A brief history of Chinese Real Estate Law. in Chinese Real Estate Law, Kluwer Law International, janvier, 2002. (In French)

[4] Thierry Sanjuan with the participation of Pierre Trolliet and the cartography of Marie-Astrid Chauviré-Deweerdt, China and the Chinese world: a geopolitics of territories, Paris, Armand Colin, collection U, 2010: 189. (In French)

[5] Li Bin, Legitimacy, legality and effectiveness, China property protection, L’Harmattan, 2011: 43-51. (In French)

[6] Henri Jacquot, Yves Jégouzo. Cross-border town planning: problems and solution principles. in. Cross-border town planning, right and practical. in. Legal Logics Collection directed by Gérard Marcou, L’Harmattan, 1998: 16. (In French)


How to Cite

Zhang, L. (2020). A Discussion for the Protection of the Environnement in the Law of Planification in China. Macro Management & Public Policies, 2(3), 20–22. https://doi.org/10.30564/mmpp.v2i3.1950


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