A Doppler Location Method Based on Virtual Path Difference
This paper presents a Doppler passive location method for moving targets with fixed single station using the Doppler frequency shift and time difference information. First, based on the relationship between frequency shift and path difference, the virtual path difference is calculated from the measured value of Doppler frequency shift by means of mean value correction. Then, under the assumption that the target is moving at an average speed along a straight line, two coaxial virtual double base arrays are constructed by using the moving track of the moving target based on the method of fixed period time difference. On this basis, the moving distance of the moving target can be calculated by using the ratio relationship between the frequency difference and the radial distance between the two adjacent detection points in the middle of the array, and the linear solution of the two double base path difference positioning equations. At this point, the relative coordinate position of the moving target can be obtained by directly using the linear solution of the double base path difference positioning equation again.
Keywords:Fixed single station, Passive location, Doppler frequency, Doppler frequency change rate, Frequency shift-path difference equation, Virtual path difference
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