Navigating Eutrophication in Aquatic Environments: Understanding Impacts and Unveiling Solutions for Effective Wastewater Management
Eutrophication is the term used to describe the presence of natural and artificial nutrients like phosphorus and nitrogen in aquatic ecosystems. The water quality in various bodies of water such as ponds, lakes, rivers, etc. is deteriorating as a result of an abundance of plant nutrients in these water sources. Over-enrichment of aquatic ecosystems with nutrients is a major hazard to the well-being of aquatic ecosystems worldwide. In addition, the circulations have lowered the requirements for home and agricultural consumption of water. The main origins of these plant nutrients within aquatic ecosystems stem from the discharges of industries engaged in activities like livestock farming, agriculture, fertilizer production, manufacturing of textiles, and clothing production. Therefore, a variety of methods and approaches have already been developed as safety measures to avoid the negative consequences of water tainted with those undesired minerals. Eutrophication presents many obstacles, but with the right public awareness campaign and global scientific efforts, its negative impacts may be lessened. This research seeks to pinpoint the primary origins of plant nutrients within the aquatic ecosystem and explore potential triggers for eutrophication. Additionally, it proposes innovative regulatory methods and offers suggestions for sustainable wastewater management practices.
Keywords:Eutrophication, Phosphorus, Water environments, Fertilizers, Wastewater
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Copyright © 2023 Arnob Dhar Pranta, Md. Tareque Rahaman, Md. Samin Ahmed, Md. Shamsul Arefin Rafi
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