Management of Fusarium anthophilum (Pathogen of Cereals and White Yams) Using Different Measures

Authors

  • Ndifon Elias Mjaika Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike, PMB 1010 Abakaliki, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30564/jbr.v4i4.5001

Abstract

Fusarium species (including Fusarium anthophilum) have many insidious effects on mankind, animals, and plants. Their attack may lead to diseases or spoilage, and the production of mycotoxins. This study was conducted to find solutions to the infections by F. anthophilum. Three sub-trials (botanical, chemical and biocontrol sub-trials) were set up using completely randomized design, and each treatment was replicated thrice. The percentage inhibition of F. anthophilum in the botanicals-alone subtrial (i.e., Eucalyptus, Euphorbia, Andrographis, and Melaleuca spp.) at 50% and 100% concentrations ranged from 20% to 100%. At 72, 120, and 168 HAI (hours after inoculation), Eucalyptus (all concentrations) controlled the pathogen significantly more, followed by Melaleuca (all concentrations). All the botanicals (at both concentrations) controlled Fusarium sp. significantly more compared to the control. Based on the second sub-trial: the best synthetic fungicide+Trichoderma harzianum treatment was Mancozeb100%, and the percentage inhibition by these combined chemical+biocontrol treatments ranged from 28% to 50%. Mancozeb100%, followed by Metalaxyl+Cu(I) O 100% produced the highest inhibition. All chemical treatments were significantly different compared to the control (120 hours after inoculation). Based on the third subtrial: the best Botanical+T. harzianum treatment was Alligator pepper100% followed by Tumeric100%. The percentage inhibition of Fusarium sp. by these treatments ranged from 28% to 70%. Alligator pepper100% followed by Tumeric100%, then Tumeric50%, and Eucalyptus100% … were significantly different compared to the control. Combining different agents was effective in controlling the pathogen. However, lower percentage inhibitions were obtained. More research on integrating the control agents is being admonished.

Keywords:

Biocontrol; Botanicals; Fusariosis; Mycotoxins; Pesticides; Plant extracts; Trichoderma species; Wilt

References

[1] FAOSTAT, 2008. Food and Agriculture Organization Database on Agriculture. http://agricor.ac.uk/subject.listing/310.html.

[2] Ndifon, E.M., Lum, A.F., 2021. Assessment of white yam tuber rot disease and in vitro management of Aspergillus niger in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. International Journal of Biosciences. 19(4), 32-40. http://www.innspub.net. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.4.32-40

[3] Nelson, P.E., Plattner, R.D., Shackelford, D.D., et al., 1992. Fumonisin B1 production by Fusarium species other than F. moniliforme in section Liseola and by some related species. Appled Environvironmental Microbiology. 58(3), 984-989.

[4] Ferre, F.S., 2016. A worldwide occurrence of mycotoxins in rice. Food Control. 62(1), 291-298.

[5] Bielas, W., Ski, W.N., Nicpo, J., et al., 2017. Effect of zearalenone on circulating testosterone concentration, testicular and epididymal morphology and epididymal sperm characteristics in wild boars. Theriogenology. 102(1), 59-66.

[6] Nahar, S.M., Mushtaq, M., 2006. Pathogenicity and transmission studies of seed-borne Fusarium species (sec. Liseola and Sporotrichiella) in sunflower. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 38(2), 487-492.

[7] Abdullah, M.S., Al-Hatmi, A.D., van Diepeningen, I.C., et al., 2015. Specific antifungal susceptibility profiles of opportunists in the Fusarium fujikuroi complex. Journal of Antimicrobiology & Chemotherapy. 70, 1068-1071. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dku505

[8] Isman, M.B., 2006. Botanical insecticides, deterrents, and repellents in modern agriculture and an increasingly regulated world. Annual Review of Entomology. 51, 45-66. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.51.110104.151146

[9] Verma, M., Brar, S.K., Tyagi, R.D., et al., 2007. Antagonistic fungi, Trichoderma spp.: Panoply of biological control. Review of Biochemistry & Engineering Journal. 37, 1-20.

[10] Aglave, B., 2019. Handbook of plant disease identification and management. 571 pages. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.

[11] Ndifon, E.M., Ankrumah, E., Chimdi, G.O., et al., 2022. Screening for fungi concomitant with Bambara groundnut and management of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. voandzeia from these nuts. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension. 25(3), 28-39.

[12] Ndifon, E.M., Chiv, M., Iyang, P., et al., 2022. Effect of plant extracts on Fusarium oxysporum f.sp melongenae wilt and growth of African garden egg (Solanium aethiopicum L.) in Makurdi. Notulae Scientia Biologicae. 14(2), 10912. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15855/nsb14210912

[13] Akanmu, A.O., Odebode, A.C., Abiala, M.A., et al., 2014. Inhibition of Fusarium pathogens in millet by extracts of Jatropha curcas and Mangifera indica. International Journal of Plant Biology Research. 2(1), 1007.

[14] Wavare, S.H., Gade, R.M., Shitole, A.V., 2017. Effect of plant extracts, bio-agents and fungicides against Sclerotium rolfsii causing collar rot in chickpea. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science. 79(4), 513- 520. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4172/pharmaceutical-sciences.1000257

[15] Oyelana, O.A., Durugbo, E.U., Olukanni, O.D., et al., 2011. Antimicrobial activity of Ficus leaf extracts on some fungal and bacterial pathogens of Dioscorea rotundata from Southwest Nigeria. Journal of Biological Science. 11, 359-366. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2011.359.366

[16] Tamokou, J.D., Tala, M.F., Wabo, H.K., et al., 2009. Antimicrobial activities of methanol extract and compounds from stem bark of Vismia rubescens. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 124(3), 571-575. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2009.04.062

[17] Kumari, A., Kumar, R., Maurya, S., et al., 2013. Antifungal efficacy of aqueous extracts of neem cake, karanj cake and vermicompost against some phytopathogenic fungi. Nature to Survive. The Bioscan. 8(2), 671-674. https://www.Thebioscan.

[18] Hussain, F., Abid, M., Shahid, S., et al., 2015. Anti-fungal activity of some medicinal plants on different pathogenic fungi. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 47(5), 2009-2013.

[19] Ali-Shtayeh, M.S., Abu Ghdeib, S.I., 1999. Antifungal activity of plant extracts against dermatophytes. Mycoses. 42(11-12), 665-672.

[20] Raji, R., Raveendran, K., 2011. Antifungal activity of selected plant extracts against phytopathogenic fungi Aspergillus niger. Asian Journal of Plant Science Research. 3(1), 13-15. https://www.pelagiaresearchlibrary.com.

[21] Sneha, S., Maurya, S., Choudhary, A.K., 2016. Antifungal efficacy of garlic and ginger against Sclerotium rolfsii. International Journal of Agricultural Science Research. 6(6), 419-424.

[22] Ndifon, E.M., 2022. Management of Globisporangium ultimum infecting groundnut and Bambara groundnut pods using diverse methods. New countryside. 1(1), 13-20. http://ojs.bilpub.com/index.php/nc. DOI: https://doi.org/10.55121/nc.v1i1.27

[23] Gwa, V.I., Nwankiti, A.O., 2017. In vitro antagonistic potential of Trichoderma harzianum for biological control of Fusarium moniliforme isolated from Dioscorea rotundata tubers. Virology & Mycology. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4172/2161-0517.1000166

[24] Al-Saeedi, S.S., Al-Ani, B.M., 2014. Study of antagonistic capability of Trichoderma harzianum isolates against some pathogenic soil borne fungi. Agriculture & Biology Journal of North America. http://www.scihub.org/ABJNA. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5251/abjna.2014.5.1.15.23

[25] Sharma, P., Sharma, M., Raja, M., et al., 2014. Status of Trichoderma research in India: A review. Indian Phytopathology. 67(1), 1-19.

[26] Kishore, G.K., Pande, S., Podile, A.R., 2005. Management of late leaf spot of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) with chlorothalonil-tolerant isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Plant Pathology. 54(3), 401-408. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01160.x

[27] Kumar, K., Amaresan, N., Bhagat, S., et al., 2012. Isolation and characterization of Trichoderma spp. for antagonistic activity against root rot and foliar pathogens. Indian Journal of Microbiology. 52(2), 137-144. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12088-011-0205-3

[28] Gajera, H.P., Vakharia, D.N., 2012. Production of lytic enzymes by Trichoderma isolates during in vitro antagonism with Aspergillus niger, the causal agent of collar rot of peanut. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology. 43-52.

[29] de los Santos-Villalobos, S., Guzmán-Ortiz, D.A., Gómez-Lim Miguel, A., et al., 2013. Potential use of Trichoderma asperellum (Samuels, Liechfeldt et Nirenberg) T8a as a biological control agent against anthracnose in mango (Mangifera indica L.). Biological Control. 64(1), 37-44.

[30] Sanasam, S., Sanatombi, D.R.K., Beenakumari, D.N., et al., 2018. Antagonistic activities of plant extracts against the phytopathogen Sclerotium rolfsii, during pre-harvest horticultural practice - a component of integrated disease management. International Journal of Current Reseach in Life Sciences. 7(11), 2813- 2815. http://www.ijcrls.com.

Downloads

How to Cite

Mjaika, N. E. (2022). Management of Fusarium anthophilum (Pathogen of Cereals and White Yams) Using Different Measures. Journal of Botanical Research, 4(4), 12–20. https://doi.org/10.30564/jbr.v4i4.5001

Issue

Article Type

Articles