Day Time Sleepiness and Quality of Life Predicts Perceived Stress among Youth


  • Sandeep Panchal Department of Psychology, Rajiv Gandhi University (A Central University), Doimukh, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, India
  • Monika Yadav Indira Gandhi University, Rewari, Haryana, India



The study examined the predictor of perceived stress among youth. The variables used in the current study were day time sleepiness, quality of life and perceived stress. The sample consists of 150 youth (81Male & 69 Female) with in the age range of 18-24 years. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHO-BRIEF), and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) were used. The data were interpreted after obtaining the descriptive statistics i.e. Mean and SD, Pearson’s Product Moment correlation and step wise multiple regression analysis. The findings indicated that day time sleepiness and quality of life have a significant positive relation with perceived stress among youth. The step wise regression analysis found day time sleepiness and psychological health related quality of life are the predictors of perceived stress. Both the variable accounts for 39% of total variance in perceived stress among youth.


Day time sleepiness, Quality of life, Perceived stress


[1] Delannoy, J., Mandai, O., Honoré, J., Kobayashi, T., & Sequeira, H. (2015). Diurnal Emotional States Impact the Sleep Course. PLoS ONE, 10(11), 1-18.

[2] Heidari, H., et al. (2019). Association of Emotion Intelligence with sleep Quality. Archives of occupational Health, 3(3), 380-387.

[3] Okada, M., Otaga, M., Tsutsui, T., Tachimori, H., Kitamura, S., Higuchi, S., et al. (2018). Association of sleep with emotional and behavioral problems among abused children and adolescents admitted to residential care facilities in Japan. PLoS ONE 13(6), 1-14.

[4] Suen, L. K., Hon, K. L., & Tam, W. W. (2008). Association between sleep behavior and sleep-related factors among university students in Hong Kong. Chronobiology International, 25(5), 760-775.

[5] Panchal, S., & Joshi, H. L. (2014). Social skills in relation to quality of life among youths. In A. Sheema & I. Naved (Eds.), Perspectives on Health and Well Being in India (pp. 291-295). Excel India Publishers, New Delhi.

[6] Grills-Taquechel, A. E., Littleton, H. L., & Axsom, D. (2011). Social support, world assumptions, and exposure as predictors of anxiety and quality of life following a mass trauma. Journal of anxiety disorders, 25(4), 498-506.

[7] Ketis, Zalika., Kersnik , Janko., Eder, Ksenija ,Colarič, & Dušan (2011). Factors Associated with Health-Related Quality of Life among University Students. Srp Arh Celok Lek, 139(3-4),197-202.

[8] Charles, Luenda., Slaven, James., Mnatsakanova,Anna., Claudia, Violanti., John, Fekedulegn, Desta., Andrew, Michael., and vila, Bryan. & Burchfiel Cecil. (2011). Association of Perceived Stress with Sleep Duration and Sleep Quality in Police Officers. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 13(4), 229-241.

[9] Awadh , Ammar Ihsan., Aziz , Noorizan Abdul., Yaseen , Saramd Nabhan., Abdulameer , Shaymaa Abdalwahed., Sahib , Mohanad Naji., Qutaiba & Omer., (2013). A comparison study of perceived stress and quality of life among Master of Pharmacy and non-pharmacy master’s students. Pharmacy Education, 13(1), 22-28.

[10] Fooladia , Nasim Amiric , Roohollah Jirdehib.& Zahra Mohtasham. (2014). Comparison of Depression, Anxiety, Stress and Quality of life in Drug Abusers with Normal Subjects. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 159, 712-717.

[11] Sarraf, Payam., Azizi, Sepeher., & Ghajarzadeh, Mahsa (2014). Relationship between Sleep Quality and Quality of Life in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 5(12), 1582-1586.

[12] Bin-Mallouh , Lujain T., Gamal, M., Ali, A., Abdelrahim, M., Safwan, Khan ali , Mohammed., Al-Sanea , Mohammad M., Mmed, Kharrat., & Alrashed, M..,(2016). Investigation of Perceived Stress and Quality of Life Assessment of pharm. D. Students at Ibn Sina National College during 2016. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 8(3), 82-90.

[13] Rebireo, Icaro., Frieiro bruna, Prelievrna .,Cezer olivera .,Burey edurado. (2018). Stress and Quality of Life Among University Students: A Systematic Literature Review. Health Professional Education, 4(2), 70-77.

[14] Sarbeen, J. Insira., & Jayaraj Gifrina (2017). Prevalence of stress and anxiety among college students. International Journal of Science & Engineering Development Research, 2(4), 152-156.

[15] Almojali Al., Almalki, S.A., Alothman, A.S., Masuadi, E.M., & Alaqeel, M. K. (2017). The prevalence and association of stress with sleep quality among medical students. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 7 (3), 169-174.

[16] Jarralla, H., Omari , F., altowerci , I., & Shaddi , K. (2017). Magnitude of Social Anxiety Disorder, and Impact on Quality of Life among Medical Students, Taif City-KSA. Journal of Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, 7(5), 1-8.

[17] Rebello, Clevin R., Kallingappa, Prasad, B., Hegde, Preethi G. (2018). Assessment of perceived stress and association with sleep quality and attributed stressors among 1st-year medical students: A cross-sectional study from karwar, Karnataka, India. Ci Ji Yi Xue Za Zhi, 30(4), 221-226.

[18] Seo, Eun Ji., Ahn, Jeong-Ah., Hayman, Laura L., Kim, Chun-Ja. (2018). The Association Between Perceived Stress and Quality of Life in University Students: The Parallel Mediating Role of Depressive Symptoms and Health-Promoting Behaviors. Asian Nursing Research, 12(3), 190-196.

[19] Ícaro, J. S., Ribeiro, Rafael-Pereira, Ivna, V. Freire, Bruno, G. De-Oliveira, Cezar A. Casotti, & Eduardo N. Boery (2018). Stress and Quality of Life among University Students: A Systematic Literature Review. Health Professions Education, 4(2), 70-77

[20] Scott, Bernadette., Modna, Yuliya., Khashchuk, Daniel., & Duke, John (2019). The Interrelationship between Perceived Stress Level, Sleep Quality, and Academic Performance among Students of a Caribbean Medical School. Anatomy Physiology & Biochemistry International Journal, 6(1), 555676.

[21] Mariani , D., Muzasti, Riri, A., & Thamrin, A.(2019). The Relationship between Quality of Sleep and Quality of Life of Patients in Medan, Indonesia. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 7(11), 1794-1797.

[22] Panchal, S., & Yadav, P. (2020). Day Time Sleepiness, Fear of COVID-19 and Emotional Adjustment among Adolescent. International Journal of Education and Psychological Research (IJEPR), 9(4) 5-8.

[23] Panchal, S., Mukerjee, S., & Kumar, U. (2016). Optimism in Relation to Well-being, Resilience and Perceived Stress. International Journal of Education and Psychological Research (IJEPR), 5(2), 1-6.

[24] Johns, M. (1991).The Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS).

[25] Baumgartel, K., Terhorst, L., Conley, Y., & Roberts, J. M. (2013). Psychometric Evaluation of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale in an Obstetric Population. Sleep Med.,14(1), 116-121.

[26] WHOQOL Group (1995). The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL): Position paper from the world health organization. Social Science & Medicine, 41(10), 1403-1409.

[27] Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, 24(4), 385-396.

[28] Cohen, S., Sherrod, D. R., & Clark, M. S. (1986). Social skills and the stress-protective role of social support. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50(5), 963-973.

[29] Altan, S. S., Bektas, M., Celik, I., Gerceker, Z. O., Selekoglu, Ok, Y., Ozdemir, E. Z., & Aricioglu, A. (2018). Factors Affecting Daytime Sleepiness in Adolescents. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 11(3), 1840-1847.

[30] Aysan, E., Karakose, S., Zaybak, A., & Ismailoglu, E. G. (2014). Sleep Quality Among Undregraduate Students and Influencing Factors. DEUHYO ED, 7(3), 193-198.


How to Cite

Panchal, S., & Yadav, M. (2021). Day Time Sleepiness and Quality of Life Predicts Perceived Stress among Youth. Journal of Psychological Research, 3(2), 29–34.


Article Type



Download data is not yet available.